quantum computing jobs 2023

Exploring Career Opportunities in Quantum Computing


From Qualifications to Job Prospects

Through this article, we attempt to provide our readers with a comprehensive overview of the field of quantum computing and career opportunities. We shall cover topics concerning the requisite qualifications and skills that ensure success as a quantum computing expert. We endeavor to provide a single source for all the tips, recommendations, and resources that can help you enter the exciting world of quantum computing jobs. Considering the latest McKinsey report, there is a severe dearth of quantum computing talent against the number of available jobs in the market.

What are quantum computing jobs?

Jobs in the field of quantum computing involve working with quantum computers (quantum-mechanical phenomena) to perform different operations on data. They differ from conventional computers because bits in quantum computing can exist in multiple states instead of being a binary 0 or 1. The actual state of objects is presented using probability theory before measuring them.

Future outlook for jobs in quantum computing

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) states that computer and information research scientists, including those specializing in quantum computing, are predicted to experience a 22% increase in job growth from 2020 to 2030. Which is, as it is, higher than the average for all professions. The government body also predicts an annual increase of about 7,200 new jobs in the sector.

Educational qualifications needed to become a quantum computer scientist

The field of quantum computing is relatively new, and the specific qualifications and educational requirements for this career may vary. However, most employers are likely to look for candidates with strong backgrounds in mathematics, physics, and computer science and experience with quantum computing and related technologies.

Quantum computing jobs need a strong foundation in the subjects above. As a starter, you need a bachelor’s degree in any of these fields. Your education will equip you with the basic knowledge and skills to pursue a quantum science and engineering graduate degree. It is observed that most quantum computer scientists hold a master’s degree or higher, with a Doctorate being the most common degree level. These programs will provide you with in-depth knowledge and hands-on experience in quantum computing and prepare you for a career as a researcher or scientist.

quantum computing jobs
jobs in quantum computing

Can I land a job in quantum computing without a formal degree?

The simple answer is that it is highly unlikely. Why? There are two main reasons. One, The field is highly specialized in nature and requires a thorough understanding of subjects. Secondly, since the field is still evolving, accompanied by high pay packages, employers are unwilling to take risks with candidates who did not get formal education.

Strong knowledge of data science, engineering, and the laws of physics is required to succeed in this field. Having a degree ensures a strong foundation to understand complex concepts and technologies.

Foundational skills need to get quantum computing jobs

A job in quantum computing is not your conventional job in any way. It involves a mix of specific skills that culminate into unique attributes employers look for in a candidate. We attempt to include the most important skills needed:

  1. Through an understanding of quantum computing principles and applications. This helps a quantum computing scientist to deploy this understanding to improve current technologies.
  2. If you are planning to get a job in quantum computer hardware, knowledge of electronics and electrical components is of epic importance.
  3. Mathematics, specifically probability theory and linear algebra, is critical to describing and analyzing a quantum computer’s behavior.
  4. Since all the data operations and analysis are done using computing devices, a working knowledge of Computer programming is essential.
  5. Understanding the mechanics of quantum algorithms is necessary to be a quantum software programmer, which is a branch of physics.

Industry-leading certifications and professional development avenues

As discussed earlier, formal education and training are considered effective in getting quantum computing jobs.

Here are the top 5 avenues for professional development that help you gain foundational skills and knowledge to get your dream job:

  1. IBM Certified Associate Developer (Quantum Computation using Qiskit): IBM quotes a report that reveals that the quantum computing industry is poised to grow to $65 billion by 2030. Touted as the industry’s first developer certification, this certification has been designed for developers who want to learn the basics of quantum computing. It helps implement different algorithms using IBM’s quantum computing platform, IBM Qiskit.

  2. Google Quantum Computing Fundamentals: There are no minimum requirements for learning from the website. Researchers can use Google’s state-of-the-art quantum computing and development tools. Candidates who are looking for jobs in quantum computing will learn about Cirq. It is Google’s open-source Python interface framework for creating, editing, and invoking Noisy Intermediate Scale Quantum (NISQ) circuits.

  3. Microsoft Azure Quantum: Check the academic programs to select your suitable learning path. Azure Quantum is a full-stack, open cloud ecosystem for developers through various programming languages. Learning paths include a combination of online tutorials, documentation, and hands-on labs to help individuals gain the knowledge and skills needed to work with the technology.

  1. Professional Certificate in Quantum Computing: The University of Chicago teamed up with edX to offer state-of-the-art courses to cater to quantum computing jobs demand. The series of online courses covers topics such as quantum mechanics, quantum algorithms, and quantum programming.

  2. Quantum Computing Fundamental: This is a self-paced, online course designed to teach the basics of quantum computing. The course covers quantum states, gates, algorithms, and error correction. It also includes hands-on programming exercises using the IBM Qiskit framework. To join the course, you need a basic understanding of linear algebra, vector and matrix multiplications, and quantum mechanics.

quantum computing jobs certifications

IonQ, D-Wave Systems, Xanadu, Zapata Computing

Apart from the prominent brand names mentioned above, several other companies are involved in quantum computing projects. These include the likes of IonQ, D-Wave Systems, Xanadu, Zapata Computing, 1Qbit, etc. Apart from private companies, there has been substantial interest from governments as they launch projects that benefit their citizens. The most prominent mention here is the National Quantum Initiative Act of 2018, which guides federal efforts in quantum research.

The opportunities discussed above provide a solid foundation in the fundamentals of quantum computing and can prepare you for jobs in the quantum computing industry or research. As the field evolves rapidly, staying up-to-date with the latest developments through continuous learning and professional development is highly recommended.